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88                     HISTORY OF PKRS1A                   ,-HAP.
Chubin. Being driven away from his native town he
appealed to Asad ibn Ahdulla> who was governor of
Khorasan under Mchdi and strongly espousal his cause.
In gratitude for the help thus afforded, Sainun, who had
until then remained a follower of the old religion, not
only became a convert to Islam, hut minted his son Asiul
as a compliment to his protector. Sanmn hud four sons,
who served Haroun and materially aided in putting down
the rebellion of Rail Marmm in recognition of these
services gave to the four brothers the governorships of
Samarcand, Farghana, Shash, and Herat* ami under the
Tahirid dynasty these grants were confirmed*
The ablest member of the family was Ahmad, who
was succeeded by his son Nasr, and it would appear that
upon the downfall of the Tahirids the Samunuls retained
their position, probably by an arrangement made* with
Yakub bin Lais, though the details are obscure4. At any
rate, in A,H, 261, or two years after the overthrow of the
Tahirids by Yakub, Nasr and his brother Ismail are found
to be in possession of the provinces across the Oxus, and
this year is taken as the date of the foundation of the
dynasty* Ismail showed conspicuous military capacity,
but the two brothers quarrelled and a civil war ensued
in which Ismail emerged the victor. With remarkable
generosity he permitted Nasr to retain the government
until his death in A.H. 279 (892).
The Career of Amr-Hl-Lais^ A,H, 265- 290 (878-
903).—After the death of Yakuh his brother Amr made
peace with the Caliph and ruled Khorasan and other pro-
vinces for six years as his deputy. 1 le was then dismissed
by Motamid, who by that time felt strong enough to deal
with him. But he lingered on at Nishapur, which he
loved, and the following lines which are attributed to him
give his lament;
Jits stones are turquoises, its bushes rhubarb,
And its dust edible clay,1    How could 1 leave such a land ?
he province, however, together with an army, was
assigned to Rafi ibn Harthama, who defeated the Saffarid
1 This ia found in variom parts of Khorsum and is paten more  etpeciully hy
pregnant women j vifa "A Sixth Journey in Feni*," Journal &6?.£, January